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Sunday, July 31, 2005

Origins of the Names of the Periodic Table Elements

The name of this European capital city literally translates to ‘Merchant's harbour’ in the local language. An element, which was discovered in this city, gets its name from the city’s Latin name. Which element?

Hafnium, after Copenhagen.

In 1899, a radioactive element was discovered by André-Louis Debierne, who separated it from pitchblende. He proposed a name for it, which was derived from Greek word for sun ray or sun beam. Which element?


Actinium

Sir William Crookes, who discovered this element in 1861 in England while he was making spectroscopic determinations for tellurium on residues from a sulfuric acid plant, was reminded of the color of the vegetation by its bright green spectral emission lines. So, he named it from the Greek term for 'a green shoot or twig'. Which element?


Thallium

Which element, discovered in the year 1803 by William Hyde, gets its name from the Greek word for ‘rose’?

Rhodium

Which element was named after a famous scientist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in the year 1922?

Bohrium

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