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Sunday, July 31, 2005

Origins of the Names of the Periodic Table Elements - Part II

This element was named after a person, who was the Chief of Staff (Colonel) of the Russian Corps of Mining Engineers, from 1845 through 1861. It was also the first chemical element named after a person. Which element?

Samarium, after Vasili Samarsky-Bykhovets.

There is a village in Sunart, an area in western Lochaber, Scotland, on the A861 road. It lies on the north shore of Loch Sunart, close to the head of the loch. The village name in Gaelic translates as the 'nose of the fairies', a low round hill inhabited by the mythological Sìth. Which element is named after this village?


Strontium

Which element, discovered in 1961, gets its name from the person who invented the cyclotron?

Lawrencium, from Ernest O. Lawrence.

There was an Austrian physicist who was the first to realize that Otto Hahn had inadvertently achieved the fission of uranium. Together with Hahn she discovered the element Protactinium and studied the effects of neutron bombardment on uranium. Which element is named after her?

Meitnerium

The Institute for Heavy Ion Research (Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung) in Germany has been responsible for the naming of two elements that were discovered there. One was named after the city in which the institute is located and another is named after the state. What are the two elements?


Darmstadtium and Hassium, after Darmstadt and Hessen respectively.

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